Derku's little red: Supercharged Franken-motor Mira


#21

Well I really have no idea where we left off so its just going to pick up from the photo folder I have in a disjointed order… so we’ll have to skip back to the AMR500 supercharger before dwelving back to the turbo… confusing eh.

Here is a pic showing the injector boss made into the side of the intake manifold. It so versatile in that if you ever need to, you can turn it on or off. Currently shown is a Sirion EJDE factory injector and that works for most boosted applications as it gives sufficient fuel. Of course you have to rescale the MAP sensor to adjust the fueling for primary(batched) injectors too.

This is just the initial photo when I ran a larger supercharger pulley which made around 8psi boost. It was just on the limit of not need an intercooler and I was able to duct it straight into the intake giving a super responsive set up. The natural downside is the that timing had to be conservative due to the intake temperature being higher. I actually ran with the direct route pipe for about 6 months and it was a blast. The reason it was shaped like so was that it sat inside the stock air box giving a it a more stealth… yeah right… appeal but also a more sedate factory look; you can find a picture of the bay earlier in this blog.

The AMR500 itself comes with a multi-ribbed pulley and I opted to change them out to a V-cog belt. While most is thinking that this is a downgrade, I never once experienced any belt slip. Shown are two smaller V-cog pulleys next to the original one. The two V-cogs are just off various alternators found in the daihatsu family of Miras. The modification involves opening up the diameter to clear the bolt and also adding a slot in for the key in the supercharger drive bolt. Now, you’ll see that there is a smaller and larger pulley… for now, lets call the smaller one 8psi and the larger 12psi. I’m going to let you figure out which is which and what size diameter they are. Cant recipe everything but with a bit of simple research, its no secret.

Foreword on the next part here. I have a personal despise of seeing brand new shiny photos of products, especially when people post them online flaunting and boasting what they have bought. Yes, I am a built not bought type of person who really prides the fabrication, design and art of building and crafting a car. One who just bolts on parts to make something is no master and will never understand how to fully bring out the most in something without trying to pioneer a solution from first hand. With the said, and itll seem hypocritical now, sometimes we have no choice but to buy or acquire parts because its not feasible to create yourself whether it be by skill, quality or purely time.

This leads to this section, which is one of the most important sections in terms of supporting mods. I always have the mentality to bullet proof the support mods such as braking, suspension and cooling before going power mods. Sadly, we see the opposite approach in most budget builds. In this case, there was no choice but to invest in some parts that is way out of my realm to fabricate. No shame this time around because I felt like the parts were chosen with a strategic reasoning.

The first needy part was a better clutch. You up the power and factory components which are not designed for it may soon give up. I found this out quickly as soon as I changed to the ‘12psi’ pulley and it just slipped the clutch at an instant. Sure, I could have changed back to the 8psi one but it would been inevitable as I could foresee it to slip regardless when it got tuned more aggressively, especially at low RPM. To give you an idea, the AMR500 can make 10psi static revving!

Here is the double clutch cover. At the time this was the most recommended item to begin with. Somewhat regrettably, this was not the best solution in the long term. I’ll get back to this later…

!

I went all out and bit the bullet for the best clutch disc the malaysians had to offer. This cost a few pennys but you can see by the solid construct and surface area and type of material, it would hold anything out little Dai’s could ever throw at it. The manufacturer rated this to over 350hp which is what they run in their record setting daihatsu’s over in Malaysia. Again, I hate being boastful but I opted for this because I anticipated intense torque from low down RPM and I couldnt affort the clutch to slip or all the effort would be in vain. This ensures that and to this date, (2 years later) it was money well spent.

Now this is where the blog gets confusing because Im going to transition back to the turbo build… sort of. It was actually a prelude as to why I converted to a turbocharger. I previously shown the direct route piping of the supercharger to the intake but with to allow more timing, one must first cool the compressed air charge coming out of the blower.

This lead to the the purchase of two other supporting items from ebay. A smaller bar and plate intercooler and a bigger aluminium radiator to keep coolant under control for more consistent performance. The radiator is the 40mm thick version and the intercooler is a 300x160 bar and plate with 2.25" ends. I had a spare 12" SPAL fan which I is not shown but that saves a lot of weight.

Somewhat off topic but I got one of these adjustable cam gears to also experiment with. More detail on this later.

Another important item is suspension (and above that, handling). These are zerone550 series custom valved with 7kg springs front and rear. It was a tricky decision picking such a high spring rate for the front but Its definitely needed to combat the lurching and squatting after adding extra power. To put it in perspective, the supercharger at 8psi doubled the factory power… The suspension naturally transformed the way the car handled.

A bit of a distance shot but you can see how it sits. These are in combination with 13x5.5(offset unknown) cheviot hotwire(?) wheels. I chose to run 165/70/13 strategically to get a taller ratio from the 5 speed box and it also suits the suspension better. The factory rolling diameter with 5-speed gearbox is simply too short for what we’re trying to do here. The thicker tire-wall ratio and 7kg springs still made for a pretty harsh ride but is acceptable for a ‘performance’ compromise.

Well, again I didnt mean to talk about all the products we could source and slap together as I meant for this to be more of a fabrication sort of blog but anywho, its is an essential part of the support mods towards the build.

Have to leave it there for now and heres a bonus photo of my red fleet. People have joked that I should start a school formal or tour guide service… ha! hmm well actually…


#22

Absolutly fantastic write up.

I would contend though that extra power needs a softer front spring rate. 7kg is 400 in/lb, about right for the rear but insane for the front. Squat under power is fixed with geometry corrections. Don’t just take my word, do some testing. With coil over in the front should not be too hard to find some well priced 2.5kg which will be a bit more than the std rate. Factory front sway bar is enough. Testing my friend testing. Just like you are doing engine wise check the variables with those springs. I’ve done the long hard road of dozens of spring, ride height, geometry and damper combinations. My front struts are adjustable Koni and set near on “fast” with with either a Koni or Spax on the rear set on near “full slow”. 150lb front spring and 450lb rear. Add some castor too, and if you want more track type handling at least 3deg neg camber. Front toe zero or 1mm out. Rear toe 0.5 to 1mm in (rear bushes are super soft and need the 1mm toe, go to stiffer bush and 0.5 approx). Solid mount the front K-frame. The piste resistance’ is a quick rack. Oh, sticky tires too. Just my 2 cents worth. You could teach me a heap about engines.

If I have less power than you but can put it to the ground better in 1st and 2nd, then I’ll be all over you. Cornering wise same deal. My 80hp pulls out of corners with no wheel spin. I have not drive the Mira for a year, but I swear it feels faster than similar cars with more power - at least at road speeds that won’t get you arrested. At the moment I khanacross a lower power Subaru Liberty wagon with an elaborate suspension set up. We have cars turn up with 400plus hp. I ran fourth outright at the last event, even beating Porsche GT3s and other exotics. The event only runs 1st and 2nd gear. No point having more than say 300hp in these sorts of events without traction control. MotoGP bikes seldom use the max power available. Except in top gear they cut power and the fly by wire is used through the rev range to ensure smooth rideable power delivery. Gotta getta fwd to be puttin’ down power and not wheel spinin’.


#23

So with added boost means added heat, no way around it. Prior to the intercooler on the supercharger set up, I was also still using the stock exhaust system which made healthy power. This was until you wanted to increase timing which resulted in a knock. Intuition knew that it wasnt excessive timing but more so the combination of excessive timing and heat due to not having any means of cooling the air. Time to free up the flow instead by giving it an exhaust the car deserved.

One thing about an exhaust system is that if you free up the flow, you may loose boost if the forced induction system isnt up to pressurising the air at the mass flow rate at which the engine consumes. Fast forward to results, I quickly found out that removing the bottle neck of the flow (the stock exhaust), reduced maximum boost. Remember that with a supercharger you only have 1 boost setting based on pulley. Its not all a bad thing loosing boost but the net result was that having a better exhaust lost approximately 2psi towards redline however it was allowed to rev harder, and also allowed slightly more timing to be added. So in the end, you get more performance with lest boost, which is always a win. Boost is not everything.

Enough talk, pics:

Here is a tig welder I borrowed off a friend which allowed me to craft exactly what was needed. The exhaust path around the back of the fuel tank and spare tire well is somewhat tricky but at least in a 2D plane.
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The parts were all from best muffler in carlton. The owner is an old school guy who really knows his sh*t. He had given me advice on how to size exhausts on many other projects and I have had impressive results give just a little bit extra with his recommendations. Most of the time, its a lot smaller than what the average person would suggest but each time it has led to results surpassing anyones expectations.

The pipe work was 2" from front to the back of the front subframe which reduced to 1.75" into two hotdog type resonators and into out to a short 1.5" exit. All mandrel bends and V-bands at the front (hint: I was planning ahead to change the front for a turbo and hence a V-band was an investment)

Buzz buzz dip dip.
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Im an ametuer welder but so far nothing has leaked and nothing structural has broken. The artistic side of it definitely needs improvement(practise) . I would like to note that none of this was done with purging and being stainless steel, you have to grind the internals due to the effects of the contaminations.
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Working on the ground with scissors jacks lets you get the height just right and as close to the chassis as possible with good clearance. You need to account for rubber hanger sag too but thats dealt with when you weld the actual hangers to the exhaust.
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I used all hangers from the factory pic up points and this bend around the fuel tank and spare wheel well was obviously the trickiest.
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Finished exhaust tip to tail sprayed in high temp exhaust paint for stealth. Despite being stainless pipes, the resonators were all regular mild steel so I just painted the entire thing. I did preserve the front where the flexi and one of the V-band was just because I knew it would be handled and exhaust paint doesnt like to be touched. Those parts up the front end were all stainless anyway so its fine.

I terminated the front end up into the manifold with a separate pipe with V-bands on either ends with intention that it could eventually be swapped into a turbo dump.
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Another view. Its actually the stock cat chopped, shortened and merged down into the V-band. It was the easist solution at the time and it actually performed pretty well considering it would have been a turbulent mess in terms of flow inside there.
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Another random supporting mod was the shift linkage bushes. Factory ones are rubbish. They are soft, flexible rubber and rattle resulting in a totally devoid of feel and poor confidence when slotting into gears. I spun some brass adapters and pressed bearings in to the shift lever bushes shown below.

I also tried short shifter mod but hated it so reverted back to standard throw due to preference. The regular throw was just better at getting into gears when shifting faster. Ironic but maybe its just the way I drive… dunno.

Another view.

Basically the same thing with bearings on the shift lever side of the gearbox

Also spun up a billet aluminium clutch cable end for the clutch fork side to make things tighter on that side too. Factory had two rubber bushings but this reduces any slack from that totally.

All in all, the shift and clutch side resulted in a positive and confident improvement to feel. Shifting slots in with a comforting direct feel and the clutch control never felt better. A great improvement to stock!

Bonus pic of two of my nuggets depicting the difference of series 1 and series 2 front.

Until next time. Thanks for viewing.


#24

Yes, suspension is something I havnt been playing around with as much as I should. None of the L200s I owned had the ability to adjust camber unfortunately, so I resorted to minimum toe just to keep it straight and played with heights and spring load. I should mention the suspension were SSR300s you could commonly buy from Malaysia but were valved to suit the stiffer springs, maybe that allowed such a stiff spring to ‘work’… Definitely have a lot of room to improve in the handling department… I appreciate your advice on the settings and its well noted.

Solid mounting the sub frame is still in contention. Quite simple to do but I was worried about noise vibration harshness.


#25

Yes, “boost is not everything”. Air density!

Great write up, but such is your norm!

I can’t find or remember what pistons, headgasket and if any compression reduction?

A stiff front spring can’t work - properly. Chuck a std rate back in and the whole thing will smarten up. Set the toe to zero or minus one millimetre out but never toed in. The flex in the system goes to toe in under power. And my experience with the solid mounted subrame is that it corrected the lower control arm angle a bit (if lowered the outer ends should never point to the sky as through the bump travel you just loose good camber at a fast rate). To get it right I moved the pivots up about 40mm again. On the issue of vibration the solid subframe and near solid engine/gbox mounts are damn awful at idle, but smoother at revs. When I say smoother I am especially thinking about stopping the large movement/vibration of the suspended mass moving around in front of you. Engine balance and vibration off idle I found really good, and that is with a 2.5kg flywheel which does not dampen out vibrations.